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Sickle cell anemia and sickle cell temper Sickle Cell Anemia

Publié par happy-diet lundi 14 décembre 2009

Sickle cell anemia and sickle cell temper Sickle Cell Anemia


Figure A shows normal red blood cells flowing freely in a blood vessel. The inset image shows a cross-section of a normal red blood cell with normal hemoglobin. Figure B shows abnormal, sickled red blood cells clumping and blocking blood flow in a blood vessel. (Other cells also may play a role in this clumping process.) The inset image shows a cross-section of a sickle cell with abnormal hemoglobin.





Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disease of the blood disease causing episodes of severe pain and vulnerability to infections, anemia, chronic blood decomposition, and organ damage, in some cases death. It is produced by the inheritance of sickle cell gene from both parents.

The picture or the situation of these minor anemia (or what is called a feature of sickle cell), which often do not cause symptoms occurs when someone inherits the sickle cell gene from only one parent.

Sickle cell anemia patients are in red blood cells have a photograph of abnormal hemoglobin called hemoglobin S. Hemoglobin S and the letter S derived from the word Sickle any machete. Indeed, the low levels of oxygen, hemoglobin S makes a solid sticks minutes to make cells in turn, is taking the bow, each form crescent-shaped like a sickle, hence the label (ie, rather than oval-shaped cells are also
Should be, it takes a curved form Mqosa Kalmngel or hook). As a result, cells become very solid and easy to crash, leading to anemia bloody disintegration.

Beyond this, the sickle cell, because of its form is not normal, you can not start easily from high-vascular cell body shall meet together and fill these vessels were less blood flow (and therefore less oxygen) contained the body tissues. This causes more distortion of the cells and can block the blood inflow of alien tissue.

Without oxygen the body begins to be exposed to harm, and this is the source of the pain caused from sickle cell anemia, which is called crisis (or shift or ecstasy) Sickle cell Sickle Cell Crisis.

The infected person may feel pain in the bones and damage to kidneys and blood in the urine, and sometimes damage the intestines and lungs. Sickle cell crisis affecting the brain can cause cerebral stroke or convulsions or loss of consciousness.

In the early sickle cell tend to be lodged until it is destroyed in the liver and spleen, leading to the short lifespan of red blood cells and a lack of numbers.

Anemia if severe, can make a person with a short quick breaths stress.

Sickle cell anemia and image of minor often afflict blacks and Latinos from the assets belong to the Caribbean. Because of the impact of sickle cell disease devastating to the members of the body and a person's ability to live in good health, they reduce the average life expectancy to about 40 years.

A blood test called a test for a few minutes to move the electric hemoglobin can identify the persons who have either had sickle cell anemia or, in their minor. Recommend testing of all newborns to detect sickle cell anemia.

There is also a test of the pre-birth to determine whether the fetus will suffer from sickle cell anemia or will carry the genetic character only (ie, small image) or will never be affected. In 3 of every 4 cases if both parents carry the fetus moving, the prenatal test will reveal that the fetus will not get sickle cell anemia.

If one parent has only capacity genetic sickle cell, there is no chance to catch their children sickle cell anemia. The son, who both parents have the genetic capacity, it would have had thus an opportunity by 25% because inherits sickle cell anemia. Women with sickle cell anemia are vulnerable to infection at a higher level abortion and low birth weight babies.
The form of sickle cell

In the case of sickle cell anemia, changes the form of red blood cells (which are round and flexible in the normal case) cells become sickle shape and stiff. These abnormal cells are fragile, easily broken, leading to anemia, and tend to fill the small blood vessels Ä causing severe pain.

Symptoms

Symptoms often do not occur until the child reaches the age of six months and sickle cell anemia affects people in different ways. Some feel the impact of very few Visttia easily controlled, while others suffer severe pain because of the crisis (or shift) need the sickle cell treatment in hospital.

Most common symptoms of sickle cell anemia is a common occurrence of periods of intense pain in the joints, back, abdomen and chest. If not dealt with the crisis (or heart) has a permanent tissue damage occurs. And crises are more common during the state of infection or following infection in the body.

Any infection can make the anemia worse. Bacterial infections such as meningitis and pneumonia are more common among infants and children infected yolk sickle cell anemia and which is
The main cause of death.

Introduce another include neurological damage and delayed growth and development of the body and skin ulcers legs. In addition, there may be cases of the men's long-term painful erections.

Children may develop painful swelling in the fingers of the hands and feet, and the adults they may be more susceptible to gallstones. Symptoms may become worse or more frequent in the case of pregnancy or the presence in upland areas or exposure to a surgical procedure or anesthesia or infections.
Treatment Options
There are many treatments to prevent complications and alleviate suffering, but there is no cure for most patients of sickle cell anemia. Some patients may recover through a bone marrow transplant. But the goal of treatment for most patients is to prevent crises.

There is an effective medication called hydroxyurea is now available to reduce the number of shifts.

Address the heart causing severe pain with painkillers and intravenous fluids and oxygen.
Given antibiotics in case of doubt in the presence of infection, and blood being taken for the patient if they become very severe anemia.

Prevent infection starts at the age of two months to give vaccines against bacteria Imovils influenza virus and hepatitis B and pneumonia. At the age of 4 months must begin with the infant to receive daily doses of the antibiotic penicillin, should continue to receive those doses until adulthood. In the later stages of life are influenza vaccines is also important.

To prevent the red blood cells from the pool, you need to drink two liters of water a day at least and avoid the hard effort that increases your needs for oxygen.
Give special attention to the health of your teeth in order to prevent contamination gums and inflammation.

Go directly to the doctor to treat any disease or condition of infection or injury. Medal of pregnancy and the identification of special medical your can will save your life in a crisis of sickle cell.

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